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Aristotle - Ethics
Aristotle - Politics
Augustine - Confessions
Ayer - Language, Truth and Logic
Bacon - Advancement of Learning
Bentham - Morals and Legislation
Berkeley - Principles of Human Knowledge
Boethius - Consolations of Philosophy
Burke - Revolution in France
Cicero - Friendship and Old Age
Clausewitz - On War
Comte - Positive Philosophy
Confucius - The Analects
Copernicus - The Revolutions
Darwin - The Origin of Species
Descartes - Discourse on Method
Descartes - Meditations
Einstein's Relativity
Emerson - Nature
Epicurus - Sovran Maxims
Erasmus - Praise of Folly
Euclid - Elements
Freud - Psychoanalysis
Galileo - Two World Systems
Hayek - The Road to Serfdom
Hegel - Philosophy of History
Hegel - Philosophy of Religion
Hobbes - Leviathan
Hume - Human Understanding
James - Varieties of Religious Experience
Kant - Critiques of Reason
Kant - Metaphysics of Morals
Kierkegaard - Either Or
Leibniz - Monadology
Locke - Human Understanding
Machiavelli - The Prince
Marcus Aurelius - Meditations
Marx - The Communist Manifesto
Marx and Engels - German Ideology
Mill - On Liberty
Mill - System of Logic
More - Utopia
Newton - Principia
Nietzsche - Beyond Good and Evil
Nietzsche - Genealogy of Morals
Paine - Rights of Man
Pascal - Thoughts
Plato - The Apology
Plato - The Republic
Plato - The Symposium
Popper - Scientific Discovery
Rand - Selfishness
Rousseau - Confessions
Rousseau - Social Contract
Sade - Philosophy in the Boudoir
Sartre - Existentialism is a Humanism
Schopenhauer - World as Will and Idea
Smith - Wealth of Nations
Spinoza - Ethics
The Ancient Greeks
The Aphorisms of the Philosophers
Thoreau - Walden
Tocqueville - America
Turing - Computing Machinery
Wittgenstein - Tractatus
Wollstonecraft - Rights of Woman

The Philosophy of Science

'Science' once just meant something like ‘knowledge', as opposed to ‘belief' or ‘opinion', and Philosophy meant the study of knowledge in general. But, over the centuries, as Philosophers have discovered reasonably definite bits of that knowledge, the bits have each wandered away to form their own subjects. That is how Philosophy, the 'Queen of Sciences', has given birth to astronomy, biology, chemistry, physics and all the natural sciences, it is why the greatest experts, no matter what their field, are still called Doctors of Philosophy, and it is why quite a lot of the Old Philosophies here on the Squashed pages, aren't usually called 'Philosophy' any more. The Philosophy of Science is now concerned with what science is, the method by which it reaches conclusions, and the implications of its assumptions.

See: Wikipedia

Among the Squashed Philosophers, on the subject of the Philosophy of Science:
Bacon - Advancement of Learning
Descartes - Discourse on Method
Ayer - Languge, Truth and Logic
Popper - Scientific Discovery

... and there's some odd and interesting bits among The Ancient Greeks

Specific scientific discoveries are now seen as separate subjects. Some which have been profoundly influential are:
Copernicus - The Revolutions
Galileo - Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems
Newton - Principia
Darwin - The Origin of Species
Einstein's Relativity
Smith - Wealth of Nations

... and here are two books which have appeared in previous collections as works of science, but which are now usually seen as just some bloke's opinions:
Marx - The Communist Manifesto
Freud - Psychoanalysis

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