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Philosophy and Religion

Religion and Philosophy both involve finding ways of understanding the world, so that their spheres often overlap and it isn't easy to make sense of one without some knowledge of the other. The Squashed Philosophers includes neatly summarised versions of the basic texts of the leading religious traditions:

The Bhagavad-Gita - The most important text of Hinduism, highly influential on Buddhism and Sikhism.
The Torah - The foundation of the Hebrew Bible, and the basic text of the Jewish, Christian and Muslim traditions.
The Dhammapada - The sayings of the Buddha
The Gospels of Jesus Christ - The four biographies of Jesus, central to Christianity and influential on Islam.
The Noble Quran - The essential text of Islam.

The religious understandings of East Asia - China, Japan, Korea, Vietnam and the surrounding areas - are not so simply summed-up. Confucianism, though it now carries some of the trappings of a religion, is really a social philosophy. For a nice little Squashed version of the essence of Taoism in the Classic Tao Te Ching, look up Lao-Tzu, and then try Chuang-Tse in The Aphorisms of the Philosophers.

For a view of a philosophy of religion, try; James - Varieties of Religious Experience, or Hume - Human Understanding, or Hegel - Philosophy of Religion

For an ancient view of God and the afterlife, try Plato - The Republic.

For commentaries on Christian principles, Augustine - Confessions and Pascal - Thoughts are considered especially important.

There is also Christian commentary in Locke - Human Understanding, Descartes - Meditations and Hobbes - Leviathan, and important anti-Christian views in Nietzsche - Beyond Good and Evil and Marx - The Communist Manifesto.

MORE FROM Squashed Philosophers...
THE COMPLETE TEXTS THE ABRIDGED TEXTS Aristotle - Ethics Aristotle - Politics Augustine - Confessions Ayer - Language, Truth and Logic Bacon - Advancement of Learning Bentham - Morals and Legislation Berkeley - Principles of Human Knowledge Boethius - Consolations of Philosophy Burke - Revolution in France Cicero - Friendship and Old Age Clausewitz - On War Comte - Positive Philosophy Confucius - The Analects Copernicus - The Revolutions Darwin - The Origin of Species Descartes - Discourse on Method Descartes - Meditations Einstein's Relativity Emerson - Nature Epicurus - Sovran Maxims Erasmus - Praise of Folly Euclid - Elements Freud - Psychoanalysis Galileo - Two World Systems Hayek - The Road to Serfdom Hegel - Philosophy of History Hegel - Philosophy of Religion Hobbes - Leviathan Hume - Human Understanding James - Varieties of Religious Experience Kant - Critiques of Reason Kant - Metaphysics of Morals Kierkegaard - Either Or Leibniz - Monadology Locke - Human Understanding Machiavelli - The Prince Marcus Aurelius - Meditations Marx - The Communist Manifesto Marx and Engels - German Ideology Mill - On Liberty Mill - System of Logic More - Utopia Newton - Principia Nietzsche - Beyond Good and Evil Nietzsche - Genealogy of Morals Paine - Rights of Man Pascal - Thoughts Plato - The Apology Plato - The Republic Plato - The Symposium Popper - Scientific Discovery Rand - Selfishness Rousseau - Confessions Rousseau - Social Contract Sade - Philosophy in the Boudoir Sartre - Existentialism is a Humanism Schopenhauer - World as Will and Idea Smith - Wealth of Nations Spinoza - Ethics The Ancient Greeks The Aphorisms of the Philosophers Thoreau - Walden Tocqueville - America Turing - Computing Machinery Wittgenstein - Tractatus Wollstonecraft - Rights of Woman

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