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The Chronology
The Squashed Philosophers abridged editions, in date order...
(Full texts are listed HERE)

c600BC The First Philosophers
"Philosophy begins with Thales"
The First Philosophers
c450BC CONFUCIUS
"The object of the superior man is truth"
The Analects
c355BC PLATO
"Until Philosophers are kings...cities will never have rest from their troubles"
The Republic
The Symposium
The Apology
c300BC ARISTOTLE
"If it is in our power to act nobly, it is also in our power to do evil"
Nicomachean Ethics
The Politics
c300BC EPICURUS
"No pleasure is a bad thing in itself"
Sovran Maxims
c50BC CICERO
"Virtue is the foundation of friendship"
On Friendship and Old Age
c180AD Marcus AURELIUS
"...We live but for a moment"
Meditations
c390 St AUGUSTINE
"Too late have I come to love you, O beauty so ancient and so fresh"
Confessions
c520 Severinus BOETHIUS
"The good are always strong"
The Consolation of Philosophy
1515 Desiderius ERASMUS
"Fortune favours the fool"
In Praise of Folly
1515 Thomas MORE
"All princes have more delights in warlike matters... than in the good feats of peace"
Utopia
1520 Niccolò MACHIAVELLI
"Men ought either to be well treated or crushed"
The Prince
1543 Nicolaus COPERNICUS
"Therefore, the earth is not flat"
Revolutions of the Celestial Orbs
1605 Francis BACON
"if a man ... be content to begin with doubts, he shall end in certainties.
The Advancement of Learning
1637 René DESCARTES
"I think, therefore I am"
Meditations on First Philosophy
Discourse on Method
1651 Thomas HOBBES
"...the life of man, solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short"
Leviathan
1660 Blaise PASCAL
"Man is but a reed, the most feeble thing in nature, but he is a thinking reed"
Thoughts
1677 Baruch SPINOZA
"there can be no hope without fear, and no fear without hope"
Ethics
1677 Isaac NEWTON
"I am only a child playing on the beach, while vast oceans of truth lie undiscovered before me"
Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy
1690 John LOCKE
"I have always thought the actions of men the best interpreters of their thoughts"
Essay Concerning Human Understanding
1698 Gottfried LEIBNIZ
"The soul is the mirror of the universe"
Monadology
1710 George BERKELEY
"Essence IS perception"
Principles of Human Knowledge
1751 David HUME
"It is never possible to deduce judgements of value from matters of fact"
Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding
1762 Jean-Jacques ROUSSEAU
"Man was born free, and everywhere he is in irons"
The Social Contract
1776 Adam SMITH
"It is not from the benevolence of the.. baker that we expect our dinner, but from their regard to their own interest"
The Wealth of Nations
1781 Immanuel KANT
"Reason is the pupil of itself alone. It is the oldest of the sciences"
Critiques of Pure & Practical Reason
Metaphysics of Morals
1789 Jeremy BENTHAM
"Mankind is governed by pain and pleasure"
Principles of Morals and Legislation
1792 Thomas PAINE
"Government, even in its best state, is but a necessary evil"
The Rights of Man
1792 Mary WOLLSTONECRAFT
"I do not wish them to have power over men; but over themselves"
Vindication of the Rights of Women
1795 Le Marquis De SADE
"Cruelty is a virtue, not a vice"
Philosophy in the Boudoir
1795 Auguste COMTE
"Society... cannot be regarded as composed of individuals"
Positive Philosophy
1830 Carl Von CLAUSEWITZ
"War is the continuation of politics by other means"
On War
1835 Alexis de TOCQEVILLE
"In America I saw more than America; I sought the image of democracy itself"
Democracy in America
1832 GWF HEGEL
"God is the absolute truth"
The Philosophy of Religion
The Philosophy of History
1836 Ralph Waldo EMERSON
"A man is a god in ruins"
Nature
1844 Arthur SCHOPENHAUER
"We can surely never arrive at the nature of things from without"
The World as Will and Idea
1846 MARX and ENGELS
"The ideas of the ruling class are the ruling ideas"
The Communist Manifesto
The German Ideology
1859 John Stuart MILL
"Over himself, over his own body and mind, the individual is sovereign"
On Liberty
A System of Logic
1854 Henry D THOREAU
"It is never too late to give up our prejudices"
Walden
1859 Charles DARWIN
"...endless forms most beautiful and most wonderful have been, and are being evolved"
On The Origin of Species
1886 Friedrich NIETZSCHE
"When you stare into an abyss ... the abyss also stares into you".
Beyond Good and Evil
1902 William JAMES
"If merely 'feeling good' could decide, drunkenness would be the supremely valid human experience".
Varieties of Religious Experience
1910 Sigmund FREUD
"...we men... find reality generally quite unsatisfactory"
Psychoanalysis
1916 Albert EINSTEIN
"Gott würfelt nicht (God does not play dice)"
Relativity
1921 Ludwig WITTGENSTEIN
"The world is the totality of facts, not things"
Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus
1936 A.J. AYER
"...logic and mathematics are true simply because we never allow them to be anything else"
Language, Truth + Logic
1945 Jean-Paul SARTRE
"Once freedom has exploded in the soul of man, the gods no longer have any power over him"
Existentialism is a Humanism
1950 Alan TURING
"Can machines think?"
Computing Machinery & Intelligence
1957 Sir Karl POPPER
"Science may be described as the art of systematic oversimplification"
The Logic of Scientific Discovery
1964 Ayn RAND
"Objectivist ethics proudly advocates and upholds rational selfishness"
The Virtue of Selfishness
       
    The Aphorisms
Hundreds upon hundreds of handy quotations
 
       
       

 







MORE FROM Squashed Philosophers...
THE COMPLETE TEXTS THE ABRIDGED TEXTS Aristotle - Ethics Aristotle - Politics Augustine - Confessions Ayer - Language, Truth and Logic Bacon - Advancement of Learning Bentham - Morals and Legislation Berkeley - Principles of Human Knowledge Boethius - Consolations of Philosophy Burke - Revolution in France Cicero - Friendship and Old Age Clausewitz - On War Comte - Positive Philosophy Confucius - The Analects Copernicus - The Revolutions Darwin - The Origin of Species Descartes - Discourse on Method Descartes - Meditations Einstein's Relativity Emerson - Nature Epicurus - Sovran Maxims Erasmus - Praise of Folly Euclid - Elements Freud - Psychoanalysis Galileo - Two World Systems Hayek - The Road to Serfdom Hegel - Philosophy of History Hegel - Philosophy of Religion Hobbes - Leviathan Hume - Human Understanding James - Varieties of Religious Experience Kant - Critiques of Reason Kant - Metaphysics of Morals Kierkegaard - Either Or Leibniz - Monadology Locke - Human Understanding Machiavelli - The Prince Marcus Aurelius - Meditations Marx - The Communist Manifesto Marx and Engels - German Ideology Mill - On Liberty Mill - System of Logic More - Utopia Newton - Principia Nietzsche - Beyond Good and Evil Nietzsche - Genealogy of Morals Paine - Rights of Man Pascal - Thoughts Plato - The Apology Plato - The Republic Plato - The Symposium Popper - Scientific Discovery Rand - Selfishness Rousseau - Confessions Rousseau - Social Contract Sade - Philosophy in the Boudoir Sartre - Existentialism is a Humanism Schopenhauer - World as Will and Idea Smith - Wealth of Nations Spinoza - Ethics The Ancient Greeks The Aphorisms of the Philosophers Thoreau - Walden Tocqueville - America Turing - Computing Machinery Wittgenstein - Tractatus Wollstonecraft - Rights of Woman

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